(Hebrew: ןירדהנס; Greek: συνέδριον, synedrion, “sitting together,” hence “assembly” or “council”)
Is an assembly of 23 judges Biblically required in every city. The Great Sanhedrin is an assembly of 70 of the greatest Jewish judges who constituted the supreme court and legislative body of ancient Israel. The make-up of the Great Sanhedrin included a chief justice (Nasi), a vice chief justice (Av Beit Din), and sixty-eight general members who all sat in the form of a semi-circle when in session. “The Sanhedrin” without qualifier normally refers to the Great Sanhedrin. When the Temple in Jerusalem was standing, (prior to its destruction in ad 70), the Great Sanhedrin would meet in the Hall of Hewn Stones in the Temple during the day, except before festivals and Shabbat.