Law (For the 1st century Gentiles during AD 30-70 Transition Period)

36“Teacher, which is the great commandment in the law?”  37 Jesus said to him, “‘You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ 38 This is the first and great commandment.  39 And the second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ 40 On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.” (Matt. 22:36-40)

19 Therefore I judge that we should not trouble those from among the Gentiles who are turning to God,  20 but that we write to them to abstain from things polluted by idols, from sexual immorality, from things strangled, and from blood.” Acts (15:19-20)

The below was applicable living for all Christians (believing Gentiles and Jews):

The New Creation breaking into the old creation –> NC Kingdom living pre AD 70:

The Purpose, the Goal:

  • Rom. 8:29, “For whom He foreknew, He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son, that He might be the firstborn among many brethren.”

How –> A New Creation:

  • 2 Cor. 5:16-17, “Therefore from now on we recognize no one according to the flesh; even though we have known Christ according to the flesh, yet now we know Him in this way no longer.  Therefore if anyone is in Christ, he is a new creature (or creation in the NKJV); the old things passed away; behold, new things have come.” (NASB)
  • Gal. 6:15, “For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision nor uncircumcision avails anything, but a new creation.”

What was their life to be about –> how were they to live:

  • Rom. 13:11-13, “…let us walk properly, as in the day…”
  • Rom. 14:16-17, “…for the kingdom of God is not “eating and drinking,” but righteousness and peace and joy in the Holy Spirit.”
    • Not like the Old Covenant rules and regulations (do and don’t).
  • Gal. 5:19-23, “Now the works (fruit) of the flesh…those who practice such things will not inherit the kingdom of GodBut the fruit of the Spirit…”
  • Eph. 4:17-24, “This I say, therefore, and testify in the Lord, that you should no longer walk as the rest of the Gentiles walk, in the futility of their mind…that you put off, concerning your former conduct, the old man which grows corrupt…be renewed in the spirit of your mind, and that you put on the new man which was created according to God, in true righteousness and holiness.”
  • Eph. 2:19-22, “Now, therefore, you (Gentiles) are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God, having been built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ Himself being the chief cornerstone, in whom the whole building being fitted together, grows into a holy temple in the Lord, in whom you are also being built together for a dwelling place of God in the Spirit.”
    • Growing spiritual temple.
  • 1 Cor. 6:9-20, “…the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God…and such were some of you.  But you were washed, but you were sanctified…your bodies are members of Christyour body is the temple of the Holy Spirit who is in you…”
    • Each member affects the whole corporate body.
  • Rom. 6:12-19, “Therefore do not let sin reign in your mortal body…do not present your member as instruments of unrighteousness to sin, but present yourself to God as being alive from the dead, and your members as instruments of righteousness to God…for just as you presented your members as slaves of uncleanness…now ‘present’ your members as slaves of righteousness for holiness.”
  • Rom. 12:1-2, 5, “I beseech you therefore, brethren, by all the mercies of God, that you present your bodies a living sacrifice, holy, acceptable to God, which is your reasonable service (worship).  And do not be conformed to this age, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good an acceptable and perfect will of God…so we, being many, are one body in Christ, and individually members of one another.”
  • Col. 3:1-10, “If then you were raised with Christ, seek those things which are above…set your mind on things above…for you diedtherefore put to death your members which are on the earth…in which you yourselves once walked…put off…since you have put off the old man with his deeds…put on the new man who is renewed in knowledge according to the image of Him who created him.”
  • 2 Cor. 6:14-7:1, “…you (it is plural = we) are the temple of the living God.  As God has said: ‘I will dwell in them and walk among them…’  Therefore…do not touch what is unclean…let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and the spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.”
  • Phil. 1:6-11, “…being filled with the fruits of righteousness…”
  • Isa. 32:1, 6-8, 16-19, “Behold, a king will reign in righteousness, and princes will rule in justice…for the foolish person will speak foolishness, and his heart will work iniquity; to practice ungodliness, to utter error against the Lord…also the schemes of the schemer are evil; he devises wicked plans to destroy the poor with lying words…but a generous man devises generous things, and by generosity he shall stand…then justice will dwell in the wilderness…the work of righteousness will be peace, and the effort of righteousness, quietness and assurance forever.  “My people” will dwell in a peaceful habitation, in secure dwellings, and in quiet resting places, “though hail comes down on the forest, and the city is brought low in humiliation.”
  • John 17:3, “And this is eternal life, that they may know You, the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom You have sent.”

Worldview Which Empowered Them to Walk Worthy:

The pre-70 saints walked worthy of the great reward they were expecting to receive at the Parousia.  They lived holy lives for many reasons, much of which apply to us today.  But the reason they were so urgent and extreme about it was the approaching great tribulation which would severely test their faith.  They needed to live holy lives in order to endure that persecution.  And they also knew there was a great reward for them after that persecution ran its course.  So, there was double incentive for them to live worthily of the Kingdom which was about to consummate within their generation.


See also related “Topic Studies & Terms”:

AD 70 – Walking Worthy Before/After the Full Consummation of the New Covenant Kingdom – Pre/Post AD 70 Saints

Transition Period

Law (For all Christians post AD 70)

Law (Jot and Tittle law requirement for “Jewish Christians” until the “old heaven and earth” passed away in AD 70)

Law (The Law)


For a more in-depth study see the related full “Study Series” (available upon request if not hyperlinked):

Study Series 7 Lesson 3b Matthew 16:27-28 (and a Sub Study on Heaven and Earth)

“Study Series 16 Lesson 9 Rev. Chapter 21”

“Study Series 16 Lesson 10 Rev. Chapter 22”